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Bioscience Issues

Dr. Randy Hautea, Dr. Mariechel Navarro


Title of Project:  Adoption And Uptake Pathways Of GM/Biotech Crops By  Small-Scale, Resource-Poor Asian Farmers: Comparative Studies In China, India, and the Philippines

Implementing Agency:  International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA)

Project Leaders: Dr. Randy Hautea, ISAAA Global Coordinator and Southeast Asia Director; and Dr. Mariechel Navarro, Director, ISAAA Global Knowledge Center on Crop Biotechnology (KC)

Collaborators:  Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Indian Society of Cotton Improvement

University of the Philippines Los Banos College of Development Communication


Executive Summary:
In 2010, 148 million hectares of GM crops were grown in 29 countries by 15.4 million farmers of which over 90% were small resource-poor farmers in developing countries. Of the developing countries in Asia that grow GM crops, China, India, and the Philippines have had the most extensive experience. They represent an unmatched wealth of experience of resource-poor farmers that can provide critical information and insights towards a better understanding of the social environment for GM crop adoption.

To understand the technology uptake process and impact, it is important to study who the adoptors of GM crops are, the key factors that influence their adoption decision, and the significant changes that occurred as a result of GM crops adoption.

The project will do three main activities: research to analyze the dynamics of adoption and uptake pathways in the three countries; an international conference to present the findings of the research; and a video production to highlight findings of the research. Other outcomes from the research will be articles to be submitted in scientific journals, a monograph that contains detailed outcome of the research, and summary highlights to address specific stakeholder information needs. Recommendations from the research and plenary discussion during the international conference on farmer adoption will generate policies for forwarding to appropriate bodies.

Project Updates:
China, India, and the Philippines have conducted their respective surveys and focus group discussions using the Innovation Tree methodology.  Statistical tests and analysis are being completed.

The highlights of research findings were presented by key researchers of the three countries during an international conference on Adoption of Biotech Crops in the Developing World: Case Studies of Farmers from China, India, and the Philippines held in Hyatt Hotel, Manila, Philippines on April 2-3, 2013. Additional resource persons were farmers from the three countries who shared their experiences in growing biotech crops. Discussants were from Kenya and Peru. A tour of a biotech farm in Concepcion, Tarlac was held to enable participants to interact with extension specialists and farmers. A total of 131 delegates from 18 countries (Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, China, Cambodia, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Iran, Laos, Malaysia, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Thailand, Uganda, USA, and Vietnam) attended the conference.

Raw video footages of farmers from the three countries, outtakes of their respective communities, and field shots were collected.  Interviews were transcribed to enable a working script to be developed. These will be the basis for a video production to highlight the findings of the research endeavour.

Policy recommendations from the research studies and inputs from the plenary session during the conference are being consolidated.